7405 – 14th Street, N.W.

Washington, D.C. 20012


Dec. 12, 2012   Senior Judge
to Dec. 31, 2017:   District of Columbia Court of Appeals

430 E Street, N.W.

Washington, D.C. 20001

June 1995   Associate Judge
to Dec. 12, 2011:   District of Columbia Court of Appeals

(Chair, D.C. Courts Fairness and Access Standing Committee, 1996 to Dec. 2012) (Access to Justice Commission, District of Columbia, 2004 to Dec. 2012; Vice Chair, 2009 to Dec.


February 1994   Counsel
to June 1995   Lewis, White & Clay, P.C.

1000  16th Street, N.W., Suite 401

    Washington, D.C. 20036

Main Office: 1300 National Building

660 Woodward Avenue

Detroit, Michigan 48226

(Environmental Law; General and

Commercial Litigation)

July 1991   Counsel
to January 1994   Graham & James 2000 M Street, N.W.

Washington, D.C. 20036

(Environmental Practice Group:  Litigation)










July 1986

to July 1991   Counsel, Washington, Perito & Dubuc (formerly Washington, D.C. office of Finley, Kumble, et al.; also Laxalt, Washington, Perito & Dubuc)(firm ceased business in summer 1991) 1120 Connecticut Avenue, N.W.

Washington, D.C. 20036

(Litigation Department; Specialties: environmental, civil rights and commercial law)

Fall 1985   William J. Maier Jr. Visiting Professor of Law

to June 1986                     University of West Virginia, College of Law

Fall 1989                                 Adjunct Professor of Government and  May 2006                  Constitutional Scholar, Department of

Government, School of Public Affairs,

American University

Sept. 1983                  Corporation Counsel, D.C. (Chief Legal Officer of the

to July 1985                           District of Columbia responsible for Civil Litigation,

Regulatory Offenses, Juvenile Justice, Legislation and

Opinions, Advice to Departments, Agencies and

Offices of Government; supervised office of 200 attorneys)


Dec. 1982            Deputy Legal Counsel
to Sept. 1983           Legal Counsel Division

Office of the Corporation Counsel

District of Columbia Government

Feb. 1981          Chief, Legislation and Opinion Section
to Dec. 1982          Office of the Corporation Counsel

District of Columbia Government

Dec. 1979           Inspector General
to Jan. 1981           U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

401 M Street S.W.

Washington, D.C. 20460

May 1977           Deputy General Counsel for Regulation Review
to Nov. 1979           Department of Health, Education, and Welfare

(Subsequently divided into Department of Health and

Human Services and Department of Education)

May 1976 General Counsel
to May 1977 New York State Executive Department

State Division for Youth

Albany, New York

1971 to 1976 Associate Professor of Political Science

Barnard College, Columbia University

New York, New York

1971 to 1974 Executive Director

Black Women’s Community Development Foundation Washington, D.C.


1966 to 1974               Moved from Instructor to Associate Professor of Political Science

Brooklyn College, City University of New York

New York, New York

1965 to 1966                 Lecturer in Political Science

Hunter College, City University of New York

New York, New York

1964 to 1965                  Assistant Professor of African Studies and

Political Science

State University of New York, College of New Paltz  New Paltz, New York

1963 to 1964                  Lecturer in Criminal Law and Law Librarian

(Contract through Ford Foundation and the

Congolese Government)

Ecole Nationale de Droit et d’Administration

Congo-Kinshasa (formerly Leopoldville)


1962, 1963,                   Legal Researcher, then Lawyer

1964                              NAACP Legal Defense Fund New



Elementary and Secondary:

Public Schools of Washington, D.C.



1955-56 Howard University

1956-59 Tufts University

(B.A., 1959, Magna Cum Laude)

Law School:  1952-62 Yale University

(LLB, 1962, C. LaRue Munson Prize, Public Defender Chairman’s Cup)

Graduate School:

1962-63 UCLA

M.A., 1963 (Political Science)

1965-68 Columbia University

Ph.D., 1968, Dissertation Topic: Constitutional

Development in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

University of Virginia School of Law

Graduate Judges Program, 2002-2004

Master of Laws in the Judicial Process, 2004

AND HONORS: 2019 – Dean’s Medal, Tufts University, School of Arts and Sciences


2013 – Living Legend Medallion, Dunbar High School Alumni Federation, Washington DC


2012 – Charles Hamilton Houston Medallion of Merit, Washington Bar Association, 2012


2009 – Ollie Mae Cooper Award, Washington Bar Association

2008 – Olender Foundation, Hero in Law 2008

2007 – Women’s Bar Association of the District of Columbia Star of the Bar 2007

2007 – James F. Jenkins Pillar of Faith Award for Outstanding Contribution to the Spiritual Community

2006 – Equal Justice Award, University of the District of Columbia David A. Clarke School of Law

2003 – Designated into the Hall of Fame, Washington Bar Association of the National Bar Association

2000 – Bar Association of the District of Columbia

Hero in Law Award

1998 – Tufts University Chair

In Recognition of Ten Years As A Trustee

1996 – Charlotte E. Ray Award

Greater Washington Area Chapter

Women Lawyers Division National Bar Association

1996 – D.C. School of Law

Outstanding Service Award

As Former Chairperson, Board of Governors

1995 – Tuskegee University

Tuskegee, Alabama

Honorary Doctor of Laws Degree

1995 – Fifteenth Annual

Founders’ Lecturer

Ollie May Cooper Award Ceremony

Washington Bar Association

“Guns, School Violence And

United States v. Lopez

1990 -NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund Pro Bono Award

1988 – Tufts University Alumni Distinguished Service Award for outstanding contributions to profession

1986 – to date – Who’s Who in the East (and other Who’s Who directories)

1983 – Award for Service, United Church of Christ, Board for Homeland Ministries

1982 – Arthur Morgan Award for Outstanding Service to Antioch University

1978 – Certificate of Appreciation,

Board of Trustees, Antioch University (June)

1978 – Brooklyn College (CUNY) Award, In recognition of contributions to higher education and to human understanding

1976 – Emily Gregory Award for Distinguished and Outstanding Teaching and Service to Students,

Barnard College, Columbia University

1976 – Life Service Award, Association for Study of Afro-American Life and History, Region 2

1974 – Certificate of Appreciation, Smithsonian Institute, Washington, D.C.

1974 – Certificate of Recognition,

Council of Concerned Black Executives

1973 – Achievement Award, Brooklyn

Chapter of the Negro Business and

Professional Women’s Club



Board of Directors, New Birth Corporation, Inc., 1982-Date, Daytona Beach, Florida (Acquisition, Renovation and Maintenance of the childhood home of noted African American theologian, Dr. Howard Thurman, placed on the National Register of Historic Places, 2018)

Board of Directors, United Church of Christ, 2015-2021

Board of Directors, Local Church Ministries, United Church of Christ, 2009-2015


American Lung Association, D.C., Board of

Directors, 1994 to 2009 (Chairperson, 1998- 2000)

D.C. School of Law Board of Governors/DCSL Foundation,

1991 to 2023 (Chairperson, July 1991 to June 1995)

Tufts University, Medford, MA, Board of Trustees: 1988-1998; Trustee Emeritus, 1999-date; Board of Advisors, Arts and Sciences: April 2011 to 2020


Lancaster Theological Seminary, Board of Trustees,

1988 to 2002; Trustee Emeritus, 2003-date


National Conference of Commissioners on

Uniform State Laws, Commissioner, District of Columbia, 1982 to 1995

Washington Lawyers Committee for Civil Rights

Under Law, 1987 to 1995 (Co-Chairperson, 1989 – 1990)

Antioch University, Board of Trustees, 1975 – 1985 (served as

Chairperson of the Executive Committee and Chairperson of

Board for part of this period)


Antioch University School of Law

Board of Governors, late 1970’s to early

1980’s (served as Chairperson of the

Executive Committee (during this period)

Fair Employment Council, 1990 – June 1995

(Chairperson, 1993 to June 1995)


  United Church of Christ Board for Homeland Ministries, 1979 – 1983 (served on the Board of Directors from 1978 – 1983 and Vice
   Chairperson on the Board of Directors from

1981 – 1983)


(Journal published by the University of




Chicago; Editorial Board, 1975 – 1976)

Member, American Bar Association Foundation

Member, California and New York State Bars

Member, District of Columbia Bar

Member, Federal Bar Association

Member, National Bar Association

Member, Washington Bar Association

DC Court of Appeals Published Opinions, Atlantic Reporter, 1995-2017.

“From Birth to the Bench: A Quiet But Persuasive Leader” (Tribute to the Honorable George Bundy Smith), 68 Albany Law Review 215 (2005).

“Historical Links: The Remarkable Legacy and Legal Journey of the Honorable Julia Cooper Mack,” 8 University of the District of Columbia Law Review301 (2004)

Maryland Environmental Law, 1990; revised 1991; Prepared for Federal Publications, Inc. (with William D. Evans, Jr. and Associates of Washington, Perito & Dubuc).

Environmental Problems on the Jobsite,

1990; Prepared for Federal Publications Inc. (with

  J. Lifschitz and Associates of  Washington, Perito & Dubuc).

“Is There a need for an Elected D.C.

Attorney General?”  Washington Lawyer, March/ April 1987, pp.59-64.

“Law, Politics and the Homeless,” 89 West

Virginia Law Review, 115 (1986)

“District of Columbia Not Liable for

Injuries When Police Officer Shoots Relatives” with Charles Reischel, 25 Municipal Attorney, July to August, 1984.

“An Issue That Minorities and the Poor No Longer Can Ignore:  The Environment,” in Cottingham, editor, Race. Class, Poverty:

The Worst Losers (D.C. Health Co., 1982)

“The Impact (or Potential Impact) of Selected Public Policy Concepts on the Poor,” prepared for the Vassar College Public Policy Conference, March 7, 1980.

“Women and Presidential Policies.  Women and

Presidential Politics,” Howard University, Blacks, Presidential Politics and Public Policy Conference, October 25, 1979.

“How Powerful Is Powerful?  The Women’s

Movement, The Four Black Congresswomen” in

Bernice Cummings and Victoria Schuck, Women

Organizing.  An Anthology, Metuchen, N.J. and London: the Scarecrow Press, Inc., 1979, pp. 25-45.

“Optimism Is Not Warranted,” Howard University Law Journal, April 1977.

“Black Americans and Africa,” The Black American Reference Book, Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1976, pp. 648-683.

“Cancer, Sterilization, Hypertension,

Alcoholism, Depression, Etc.: Is There Hope for

for Black Women, for Black People?”  Prepared for the

for the National Institute of Education (HEW), Dec.1975.

“Science, Politics and Race,” SIGNS (University of Chicago Press), Volume 1, No.2, Winter 1975.

“Equal Protection or Equal Denial:  Is

It Time for Racial Minorities, the Poor, the Women, and Other Oppressed People to Regroup?”  3 Hofstra Law Review, 1-36 (1975).

“Black Man, Black Woman at the Controversial Gate,” with Frantz Reid, Essence, October (1973).

“Cast Aside by the Burger Court: Blacks in Quest of Justice and Education, ” 49  Notre Dame Lawyer, 105-121 (1973).

From Gammon to Howard.  Proceedings of the 1972 African-American National Conference of Africa, Washington, D.C. 1973 (edited with Ronald Walters).

“Together” Black Women, first editions,

1972; second edition, 1975, Third Press, New York

“The Burger Court and the Civil Rights

Movement:  The Supreme Court Giveth and the Supreme Court Taketh Away,” 3 Rutgers-Camden Law Journal, 410-440 (1972).

“African Nationalism in Southern Africa and Zimbabwe,” in Potholm, editor, Southern Africa, in Perspective, New York: Free Press (1972).

“An Analysis of Black Studies Program” 1 Afro-American Studies 11-21 (1970).

The Black Prism: Perspectives on the

Black Experience, New York: Faculty Press, 1970 (edited works of the 1969 Brooklyn

College Summer Institutes in Afro-American Studies).

“The Conflict Over Decentralizing of the Educational System in New York City,” 2 Pan African Journal, 69-93 (1969).

“Arab Africa and Black Africa:  Prospects for Unity – A Bibliographic Essay, 3 African Forum, 82-091 (1966-68).

“The Evolution of a New Nation: Problems of Judicial Reorganization,” 37 Southern California Law Review, 21-46 (1964).